The staff of the Santa Fe National Forest is working to implement the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy that was developed by federal, state, tribal and local governments and stakeholders. In 2017, Aspen CRM Solutions was contracted by the U.S. Forest Service to perform an ethnographic assessment of the tribes and traditional communities directly associated with the Fireshed. To gain a complete picture of historic traditional uses of the Fireshed area, existing anthropological, historical, and ethnographic literature and previous studies were reviewed, and representatives from the associated tribes and traditional communities were interviewed. The report included descriptions of historical and contemporary use in and around the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, including the Pecos Wilderness, and descriptions of significant places and resources that should be considered in planning for efforts in support of the Greater Santa Fe Fireshed project. In addition, the report included the consultation record for meetings, interviews, conversations, and events, including transcriptions and meeting notes. It summarized the potential effects to traditional cultural resources and practices in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains from large landscape-scale projects and provided recommendations and further considerations for management of potential effects that landscape scale projects would have on the area with regard to traditional cultural resources.